Urine Protein is a measure of the amount of protein in the urine. High levels of urine protein (proteinuria) may indicate kidney disease or damage.

iollo markers that associate with Protein


Alanine is a non-essential amino acid that can be produced from the breakdown of proteins or carbohydrates. It is involved in the glucose-alanine cycle between muscle and liver.


Glutamine is the most abundant free amino acid in the body and is involved in protein synthesis, immune function, and intestinal health. Glutamine levels may reflect overall protein status.


Isoleucine is the third branched-chain amino acid that plays a central role in protein synthesis and energy metabolism.


Leucine is one of the branched-chain amino acids that are key components of proteins. Leucine levels correlate with protein consumption and muscle protein synthesis.


Lysine is an essential amino acid that is critical for protein synthesis, especially for collagen, and may be a limiting factor in some cereal-based diets.


Methionine is an essential amino acid that plays important roles in protein synthesis, methylation reactions, and the production of cysteine and glutathione.


Phenylalanine is one of the essential amino acids that make up proteins. Higher phenylalanine levels may reflect increased protein intake or turnover.


Proline is a non-essential amino acid that is important for the structure of collagen and other proteins. Proline levels may be influenced by protein intake.


Tyrosine is a non-essential amino acid that can be produced from phenylalanine. It is a precursor for neurotransmitters and hormones and is found in many proteins.


Valine, like leucine, is a branched-chain amino acid that is an important building block for proteins, especially in muscle.